While the word “addiction” is often associated with substance abuse or dependency, there are actually two distinct types of addiction— substance addiction and behavioral addiction. Substance addiction primarily applies to the chronic use of harmful substances, while behavioral addiction refers to compulsive behavior unrelated to illicit substance use.
It is very common for a single person to simultaneously suffer from addictions under both categories, providing evidence that the two types of addiction may share a root cause. Both types of addiction also have similar effects on the brain and the treatment programs for each type often contain overlapping components.
While any substance can lead to the formation of an addiction, some substances are considered to be far more toxic than others. The most common substance addictions in America involve the compulsive use of alcohol, nicotine, marijuana, cocaine, heroin, or painkillers.
Behavioral addictions are more controversial and there is a debate over which behaviors qualify as an addiction. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-V) recognizes the following impulse control disorders: kleptomania, pyromania, intermittent explosive disorder, and gambling addiction. While not included under the DSM-V, other behavioral addictions that have been recognized include sex addiction, eating disorders and body dysmorphia, gaming, exercise, shopping, and cutting.
Both types of addictions can be extremely serious and those who are suffering from one or more addiction should seek professional treatment at the earliest opportunity.
The substance addiction treatment program at the Asana Recovery Center allows patients a chance to recover from their addiction in an inspiring, supportive, and relaxing environment. Call us today at (949) 438-4504 to find out if our program may be right for you.